Government Policies and Views

The Policies section consists of major policies, legislations and initiatives of the government in the field of education. The Views section comprises articles or papers critically analyzing the same.


National Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policy, 2013

The ECCE policy reiterate the commitmnet to promote inclusive, equitable and contextualised opportunity for promoting optimal development and active learning capacity of all children below 6 years and above


The Hindu
By G. Krishnakumar

The absence of a strong regulatory framework remains a key challenge to ensuring quality of ECE programmes nationwide

Deccan Herald

Despite the initiatives taken by private and public players, ECCE is faced with a lot of challenges in our country, where it is not just day care alone but a dire necessity for overall development of children, observes Sindu Aven.


National Nutrition Policy, 1993

National Nutrition Policy (India) was introduced in 1993 to combat the problem of undernutrition. It aims to address this problem by utilising direct (short term) and indirect (long term) interventions.


The Hindu
By Vinita Bali

ndia must convert its young population to a competitive advantage, and nutrition and health are foundational to that outcome.

By Shamika Ravi and Ramandeep Singh

Prioritizing early childhood nutrition is key to ensuring India’s development rests on strong and steady shoulders


Committee Report on National Policy on education, 2016

The report provides background information on the education sector of India, leading up to the need for a new policy on education.


Eurasia Review
By Adfer Shah and Swaleha Sindhi

While the fact remains that all the objectives of 1986 policy have not been realized to date, a paradigm shift in all spheres of development, including in the education sector, has become increasingly important in India.

By Mahesh Bhangriya

Poor quality of education, not gross enrolment, is currently the key issue with the Indian education system


Right to Education Act

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009. The Act makes education a fundamental right of every child between the ages of 6 and 14 and specifies minimum norms in elementary schools.


The Hindu
By Jayant Sriram

Boosting school infrastructure and teacher training is essential for RTE to deliver greater equity

By Anurag Behar

There is a huge gap between our policies and their implementation on the ground. And that’s where the problem lies


Sarva Siksha Abhiyan

SSA has been operational since 2000-2001 to provide for a variety of interventions for universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in elementary education and improving the quality of learning. SSA interventions include inter alia, opening of new schools and alternate schooling facilities, construction of schools and additional classrooms, toilets and drinking water, provisioning for teachers, regular teacher in service training and academic resource support, free textbooks& uniforms and support for improving learning achievement levels / outcome. With the passage of the RTE Act, changes have been incorporated into the SSA approach, strategies and norms.


Mainstream Weekly
By Shruti Sharma

Although admission of girls in schools has gone up significantly over the past few years (because of SSA), attendance and retention rates are still low.

Accountability Initiative
By Abhishri Aggarwal

The most recent survey found schools to be lacking in critical infrastructure; 53 of the 60 schools surveyed in Nalanda and Purnea (30 in each district) did not have sufficient classrooms.